Like all garden features, a pond demands regular care and attention. However, a great deal can be done to ensure that this is as simple as possible by planning carefully from the beginning.

Understanding the Pond Chemistry

You must maintain a good quality of water in your pond and understand its chemistry. If you don’t overstock your pond with too many fishes and install varieties of plants that ensure natural balance, then you will overcome many problems.

Problems in a pond are mostly occurred if your plant population will go into decline and fish population-level rise. This can have a negative effect. If the ammonia levels deriving from fish increase, this could lead to a variety of problems.

While a natural balance of plants and sensible stocking levels with fish is the best method of maintaining stability, the introduction of physical, biological, and UV filters could be beneficial.

An Air Pump dissipates oxygen through the water. It is helpful to fish and improves water quality. A UV Filter is extremely valuable for the control of algae suspended in the water.

You can use an air pump to improve the oxygen level of the water, especially if there is a big population of fish in your pond.

Testing Pond Water Quality

  1. You should carry the testing of pond water routinely.
  2. Take a fresh sample of water from your pond into a small tube.
  3. For a pH test for water acidity, you will dissolve a tablet in the water sample. The tablet will color the water, and the results will be matched against a chart.
  4. The results of most pond water tests are analyzed against a graduated color chart of comparative readings.

Pond Plants

A very healthy, well-planned, and carefully maintained pond can benefit its inhabitants. If the composts is suitably prepared so that the plants are content, and there is little opportunity for reaching of nutrients into the water, then problems with green water will be minimized, provided that sufficient plants are introduced. Creating and maintaining a balance between floating plants, deep-water aquatics with floating foliage, and submerged plants is the key to a successful pond.

Stocking a Pond with Fish

Fish is an excellent addition to your pond. Apart from bringing life to the water, they help to control undesirable aquatic insect life such as mosquito and gnat larvae. While fish are useful, it depends upon your aspirations as to how many you want to introduce and of which species.

Before you are introducing your fish to a pond, it is a good idea to disinfect them. You will need to use a product based upon methylene blue and immerse fish in it before returning them to a small bag of water and floating this on the surface of the pond.

After a short time, when the temperature of the water inside the bag has the same level as in the pond, you can release your wish into the water.

You will not need to feed your fish in your pond if it is well stocked with plants and where there is a balanced population. However, few people can resist the temptation to feed their fish. There are many right foods around varying from flake and floating pellets to more traditional biscuit meal and sinking pellets. This wide range of fish food is scientifically produced and will provide a healthy balance for your fish diet.

Fish Stocking Levels

The guideline of the maximum stocking level of a pond is 2cm (0.8in) of fish per 50 liters (11 gallons) of water. A pond holding 2000 liters (440 gallons) of water will support 80 cm of fish, four fish each of 20 cm long, or eight fish each 10 cm long, etc.

However, you should always understock your pond to allow fish to grow. If you overstock your pond with fishes, it may result in weak growth and diseases of the fish.

I you are stocking an utterly new pond, fill it with water and leave for a few days before introducing fish. This will allow the water chemistry to settle, the filter time to get working, and plants the opportunity to establish themselves.

Coping with physical problems

Water ponds have issues from time to time, no matter how carefully they are constructed and maintained.

The worst possible problem is a leak. It is not that leaks are difficult to repair, as there are repair kits available for most water gardening systems. It is finding the leak causes the most significant difficulty.

The water level will usually fall to a point level with the leak. You will need to remove a quantity of water to take the level within the pool a few centimeters lower. This way, the course of the problem is often found.

There are specific repair kits. Take a suitable size patch to cover the area of the tear completely, press it down firmly and buff it down to secure the seal. Allow it to dry thoroughly before refilling the pool with water.

You will also need to periodically clean stones or beach around the pond. Dirt gets between the rocks and areas that are always wet gather algae.

Pumps and filters rarely cause problems. But they must be cleaned regularly. Filamentous algae clings to most objects in a pool if given the opportunity. It will slow down the efficiency of the pump.

Routine care

Routine care is mainly confined to the spring and summer months, the regular dividing and manicuring of plants being necessary to maintain their vigor. Fertilizing is also essential using specially prepared sachets or tablets that will not pollute the water.

During winter, all the plants become dormant and require no attention, although the fish must be taken care of when the temperature drops below freezing. It is essential that ice is not permitted to cover the water surface and trap noxious gases beneath it, which may asphyxiate the fish.

During the summer, it is not essential to feed the fish unless there is an over-population in terms of naturally achieved balance. When fish keeping is the dominant influence in the water garden, regular feeding is essential, and water filtration essential.

A well-maintained garden pond is truly a thing of beauty.

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