Have you ever considered having a fish pond in your small garden but did not know where to start? In this article, I would like to highlight some key aspects you will need to consider before you start.
Ponds for small gardens
You can design your pond in different ways. Pond styles vary from formal to wildlife and everything in between. The choice is yours! If you want a formal pond design, it will have a modern and clean look. With the Wildlife pond, it will be more close to nature. No matter what you desire to do, there are few things you need to consider for any of the pond styles before you start.
Choose the right pond site
You should choose the site for the pond carefully. You should AVOID boggy ground, mains services, overhanging trees and, areas where pesticides were using. But make sure it’s within a convenient distance of primary water services. Ensure that it is deep enough to avoid the extremes of temperature in Winter – too cold or in Summer – too hot.
First of all, think about which materials to use. You can construct ponds of a variety of materials: flexible liner or Preformed pools. Ask for advice on estimating your requirements and installation techniques.
There are few little steps to consider:
- Layout shape for your pond. Make sure you avoid complex forms as this might lead to construction difficulties.
- You need then to level off the shape of your pond so the water can flow naturally.
- Lay down the underlay and pond liner or preformed pool.
- Add water to your pond and complete with edging with stone or pavement.
- Add your pump, filter, plants, fish, lighting, and anything else.
Depending what kind of fishes you would like to have in your pond, the pond may slightly vary in depth. If you are going to keep Koi in your pond, then the pond has to be at least 1.2 meters deep. For other fishes, the pond should be 1 meter deep. Some fish types can live in smaller ponds with a minimum depth of 50cm, such as Goldfish, Shubunkins, and Sarasa Comets. These fishes can survive in the deepest part of the pond in Winter where the water is the warmest. However, it would be advisable to have at least 40% of the pond area at more than 50cm.
How to test pond water
If you are going to keep fishes in your pond, you need to ensure that the quality of pond water is good. Therefore, your pond may need a filter. It is best to incorporate this into your initial plan. In the beginning, you might need to test the quality of water in your pond every 1-2 days to ensure that the quality of the water is appropriate to keep fishes and plants. You can easily monitor your water quality using test kits.
If you have a small pond, you can easily use tap water by leaving it for at least 24 hours in a bucket to eliminate the chlorine contained in tap water. It will ensure a better quality of water before you introduce the fishes or plants into your pond.
To keep your pond clean, ensure that you maintain a healthy fish population and don’t overfeed the fish. You will also need to ensure that there is the right balance of your pond plants. Choose proper filtration and a good size filter for your pond.
Make sure that you don’t stock fish which are too big for your pond. And don’t stock too many. The bigger the pond, the better. Feed your fish only as much at one time as they can eat in a couple of minutes. AVOID: feeding in very cold or hot conditions. Ensure adequate aeration, particularly but not only in hot conditions. The Golden Rule of stocking: if in doubt, don’t introduce more fish – ask advice! Remember that fishes are living animals and you should treat them with care. They will then repay you with years of enjoyment.
Small pond plants
Stocking with plants so that up to two-thirds of the surface is covered can enhance your pond and help combat Green water. A southerly aspect will help the pond plants grow. You can also use U.V. filtration and chemicals for your plants. For your small pond, you can use plants such as Water Lilies, Water Hyacinth, Water Lettuce, Creeping Jenny, etc. You should plant your plants between spring and early summer when the water is getting warm, and the plants are springing to life.
Ensure that you are using a dense loam compost which won’t float to the surface of the pond. Please ensure that you allow a whole pot or basket per plant to give them room to grow without becoming overcrowded. You will need to firm down the compost with your hands after planting and top up the pot with a layer of gravel. Set in shallow water on shelves around the pond margins. Plant direct in boggy soil or containers set in shallow water.
Waterfall in your small pond
Waterfalls add a great magical touch to your pond in your small garden. They provide this magnificent view where you can sit and relax for hours. It gives this fantastic space for peace and joy. Add a waterfall to your small garden, and you can transform your place into something breathtaking and beautiful. Again the design could be from Formal to Wildlife, depending on your preferences and pond design. You can use preformed waterfalls or create your own by using stones, etc.
If you want to create an even more magnificent waterfall in your pond, you may wish to add pond lighting systems. Depending what your budget and preferences are, you can use either electrical or solar lighting for your waterfall pond.
Pond for relaxation in your small garden
Pond will add this final touch to your small beautiful garden. Enjoy your ideal little water oasis!